Meghalaya’s terrain allows for a contrast of experiences and conditions in a relatively small state. Dominated by an elevated table-land, the state features hilly country often cut by steep valleys like grooves, dripping away to plains and low valleys in the west and north and dizzying cliffs in the southern and eastern ranges.
Some of the most enchanting and popular destinations are on the plateau marked by the Khasi and Jaintia Hills. The coolest climes are found in the central highlands – dominated by grasslands and pine forests along with pockets of thick groves of older evergreen forests. There are many deep gorges and canyons that travellers encounter as they travel deeper into the state, while the plateau-top is one of soft, rolling landscapes. The valleys form a great contrast from the higher reaches in terms of vegetation. Increased temperatures and greater humidity along with the ample rainfall and a multitude of water bodies have resulted in lush tropical and sub-tropical areas on the lower slopes and valley floors.